Normally in California, employees have “at-will” relationships with their employers, meaning the employee can quit or voluntarily resign at any time and the employer can terminate the employee, without reason, at any time.
However, “retaliation” is the term used when an employer unlawfully terminates an employee for having engaged in a protected activity. This is unlawful because in effect the employer is terminating the employee for engaging in activity that the employee is entitled to do.
There are several statutory bases for bringing a retaliation claim. Below are the five most common: